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functionalist perspective on marriage

According to Murdock, the family (which for him includes the state of marriage) regulates sexual relations between individuals. Marriage is considered by sociologists to be a cultural universal; that is, it exists in some form in all societies. As money is one of the most valuable resources, men who worked in paid labor outside of the home held more power than women who worked inside the home (Blood and Wolfe 1960). family: A group of people related by blood, marriage, law or custom. Marriage is an important part of society. When it comes to gay rights, sociological imagination can be tricky. When family members move outside of these roles, the family is thrown out of balance and must recalibrate in order to function properly. Conflict theorists are quick to point out that U.S. families have been defined as private entities, the consequence of which has been to leave family matters to only those within the family. Functionalists view all parts of society based on the function they serve. Functionalism and the conflict theory are two perspectives used in Sociology between which some difference can be identified. Today, a “good father” is one who takes the time outside of work to promote his children’s emotional well-being, social skills, and intellectual growth—in some ways, a much more daunting task. When considering the role of family in society, functionalists uphold the notion that families are an important social institution and that they play a key role in stabilizing society. Studies indicate that when men do more housework, women experience more satisfaction in their marriages, reducing the incidence of conflict (Coltrane 2000). Sociologist George Murdock conducted a survey of 250 societies and determined that there are four universal residual functions of the family: sexual, reproductive, educational, and economic (Lee 1985). Parents also teach children gender roles. family: A group of people related by blood, marriage, law or custom. In general, conflict theorists tend to study areas of marriage and life that involve inequalities or discrepancies in power and authority, as they are reflective of the larger social structure. Radcliffe-Brown: A British social anthropologist from the early twentieth century who contributed to the development of the theory of structural-functionalism. Husbands and wives have sexual access to each other, and in all societies, there are norms concerning sexual activity outside marriage. These roles are up for interpretation. Parents teach their children manners and civility. This is also referred to as institutionalized heterosexuality, the set of ideas, institutions, and relationships that define the heterosexual family as the societal norm (Lind 2004). Christina and James met in college and have been dating for more than five years. Like all institutions, the three sociological perspectives can help us understand marriage and its role in society. Mar 11, 2015 by Sarah E. Jones. Household labor offers no wages and, therefore, no power. These perspectives can apply on different aspects to help us understand the society, for instance, deviance and social control, culture and socialization and so forth. This function may change based on the era in history, it may also change based on what point in the relationship a couple may currently be, and it may also change based on the specific culture that is being discussed. For example, if the father assumes an expressive role such as providing daytime care for the children, the mother must take on an instrumental role such as gaining paid employment outside of the home in order for the family to maintain balance and function. A well-mannered child reflects a well-mannered parent. “Marriage can be better described as a legal institution that defines and creates social relationsâÂ?¦ This definition of marriage is functional: it defines the relationship according to what promotes familial and societal stability” (Harvard Law Review: pg 8). The family itself is a symbol. To those whom are sensitive to such claims about marriage of the same sex, they appear Functionalism’s level of analysis is based on a macro structure setting. Functionalism is the belief that members of society form relationships with each other through rules and regulations i.e. A lot of our societies have seen discrimination based on sexual orientation and it … Radcliffe-Brown: A British social anthropologist from the early twentieth century who contributed to the development of the theory of structural-functionalism. Macro perspective meaning it views social development related to balance and change within society. Although only a relatively few researchers in the 1960s labeled themselves as SF-types, the great bulk of published work in the study of families was, she noted, shaped by SF assumptions, perspectives, and views of the social world. © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 15, 2020, 8:48 pm ad1c9bdddf, Evolutionary, Adapation, Sensory Systems & Brain Receptors, Organizational Change and Quality of Life Programs Approach, Global Project Management and Future Trends. Full Text. This solution helps discuss the concept of marriage from both a functionalist perspective and a conflict perspective. Sociologists study families on both the macro and micro level to determine how families function. This is very important because it lets people view issues not on a personal level but how they affect the society as a whole. The family—and its members—perform certain functions that facilitate the prosperity and development of society. Traditional Failures: Fundamentalist View Of Marriage Still Out Of Touch. Much has been decried of, in social conservative circles, about the dangers facing society due to agents ranging from "atheists" to "the homosexual agenda." The Functionalist perspective on the family is usually the very first topic taught within the the families and households module. Functionalism, conflict theory, an… Jennie McIntyre (1966) was the first scholar to discern the curious paradox of structural functionalism (SF) within the realm of research and theory about families. d. both cohabitation and an extended family. Durkheim (functionalist) believes that as a society we need deviance to promote social change and social unity, without deviance we cannot define and clarify our moral boundaries. The functionalist and the conflict perspectives are two major approaches of sociological analysis. This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here! 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