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health belief model examples diabetes

However, performing these practices has remained problematic for those living with the condition as it requires behavioral change. The bivariate analysis showed that 73% and 17% of those with low and high perception of severity had poor diabetes management status, respectively, whereas 27% and 83% of those with low and high perception of severity of diabetes, respectively, had good diabetes management status. The result further shows that there was an association between level of diabetes knowledge and diabetes management status (1, N = 152) = 8.456, p = .004. Major Concepts 2. The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. Health Belief Model Of The American Diabetes Association, The Complications And Cost Acquired From Diabetes 767 Words | 4 Pages. 43 Figure 2 Basic Elements of the Health Belief Model with their recommended therapies. Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. The Igala are an ethnic group in Kogi east, Nigeria. In this example, the interventions are aimed at Diabetes Education: Health Belief Model. The model is based on the theory that a person's willingness to change their health behaviorsis primarily due to the following factors. This product could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge. health belief model and the application of health belief model. View or download all the content the society has access to. While other empirical evidences from other studies suggest that people affected with diabetes often have inadequate knowledge about the nature of diabetes, its risk factors, and associated complications (Jabbar, Contractor, Ebrahim, & Moahmood, 2001; Kamal, Biessels, Duis, & Gispen, 2000). Table 5 shows that 40% and 56% of those with low and high perception of susceptibility to diabetes complications had poor diabetes management status, respectively, compared with 60% and 44% of those with low and high perception of susceptibility to diabetes complications with good diabetes management. Table 1 below shows that 38% of the respondents could not identify food that contains carbohydrate, and 43% could not identify food with the highest concentration of fat. Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. (, Williams, N. J., Whittle, J. G., Gatrell, A. C. (. Also, 29% of them had no formal education, 23% had primary education, 18% secondary education, and 26% post-secondary education. A., Mullen, P. D., Green, L. W. (, Jabbar, A., Contractor, Z., Ebrahim, M. A., Moahmood, K. (, Kamal, A., Biessels, G. J., Duis, S. E. J., Gispen, W. H. (, Lorig, K., Steward, A., Ritter, P., Gonzalez, V., Luarent, D., Lynch, J. Similarly, Cerkoney and Hart (1980) found that the combination of the five HBM variables accounted for 25% of the variance in adherence, as measured by self-report in combination with a reactive direct observational procedure. About 60% of the respondents with low level of diabetes knowledge had poor management status, whereas 36% of those with high level of knowledge had poor management status. This may be related to the perceived susceptibility of health belief, particularly the assertion that knowledge of the complications of diabetes may lead to taking the necessary preventive measures. You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. Evidence-based information on health belief models and adherence from hundreds of trustworthy sources for health and social care. 7 Currently, 89% of the U.S. population perceives diabetes as a serious disease. This is evident as only perceived severity and perceived benefits had significant relationships with diabetes management. Hence, the validity of the model in this population has not been tested. The questionnaire included questions on socio-demographic characteristics and diabetes knowledge test (DKT) and diabetes HBM developed by Given, Given, Gallin, and Condon (1983), on perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers. The study only took a convenient sample from one ethnic group in an ethnically diverse region. Finally, cues to action deals with either external (e.g., reminders from family members when to take medications) or internal (e.g. I have read and accept the terms and conditions. This could have implications for how a person will manage his or her condition. Therefore, this study was conducted to understand the association and influence of diabetes knowledge and health beliefs on diabetes management among the Igala in Kogi State, Nigeria. (, Brownlee-Duffeck, M., Peterson, L., Simonds, J. F., Goldstein, D., Kilo, C., Hoette, S. (, Chinenye, S., Uloko, A. E., Ogbera, A. O., Ofoegbu, E. N., Fasanmade, O. Garcia and Mann (2003) also confirmed the predictability of three variables out of the four variables, with susceptibility, barriers, and benefits explaining 43% of the variance of intention to resist dieting. The respondents’ mean age was 56. Type: Systematic Reviews . The result on the aggregate of all subscales of HBM showed that 42% and 51% of those with low and high perception of health belief, respectively, had poor diabetes management status, whereas 58% and 49% of those with low and high perception of health belief, respectively, had good management status. The analysis shows a significant relationship between perception of severity and diabetes management (1, N = 152) = 47.5555549, p = .000. Besides, this report was limited to diabetes knowledge and health beliefs using HBM and so did not give room to examining cultural beliefs affecting diabetes management among the studied population. There was a significant positive relationship between perceived severity (0.549, p = .000), perceived benefits (12.383, p = .000), and diabetes management. Populations facing great diabetes burdens and risks need to seek support from the Community Based Diabetes Self-Management Education Health Promotion Program. Origin of the Health Belief Model. The means of these ratings served as measures of perceived severity (M = 13.38, SD = 2.07). The respondents reported their belief of severity of their diabetes by rating how serious their diabetes will have bad effect on their future health (for instance, “my diabetes will cause me to be sick a lot”). Table 1. This enabled ranking as high or low, good or poor. Moreover, the Health Belief Model deals only with personal perceptions such as perceived risk and perceived cost and thus is too subjective for application. Samuel Ojima Adejoh lectures in the Department of Sociology, University of Lagos, Nigeria, at both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. A convenient sample of 152 men and women living with diabetes who met the selection criteria and agreed to participate in this study constituted the participants for the study. Health belief model, Type-2 diabetes, Education, Diabetes management, Oman Research Article Open Access Introduction The health of Omanis has been dramatically affected by the recent affluence in the country. However, metabolic control was not included, as it requires blood samples which were not performed in this study. In general, studies using the health belief model for diabetic patients show that priority is given foremost to perceived benefits and next to perceived susceptibility and perceived barriers, in that order, for adopting different behaviors. GºæSÜá-Ík%ïãÜôaãæQbBÚ8~ëÙ!ê=tSÔõZ(RÄ +W<=܋OÍeJa¯yå6eÂTé*ÏUìp½p»È,ª‡ašãéT• 3}$`“»á:%iÉ-œx­VÕp€§L{¶…Ç,ù›eÅÞ*3[6î”$ߌ\§«»6µ_à¥T6¶Äµ‚†&ð@¥Ê|þ׶…Íüeà´¨Ûò„PNª¸òϾMèw×ó≋‚sœV+—ÿ±¹Øë%Lç+ˆöÊåÐÛ؇ëÜvzò5'¦—0/½t›òÇ׃Šè¾ðq¯èªú—+—ezü.ÎÃË©dÓ.¯¾è@–áÞ¦Þòq—…yڅÌ%Ë££½®R¿¨Sx–¯7~aœ.pMÁ¸ÞšÂØèÉÓÍ!äEºdH®|¼yöC¡‰ï>k-ûwk/îæęæÇa•Â÷• ÎË&YûSwSI¼ÄnMŠ äZ’0!þͶòʽ¸µèü5Æwû¤$°ˆÑÜUuh&{,ò$°RË]8$ßön6jß$²vS±úW€ Óh There are no data on the incidence and prevalence of diabetes among the Igala except the national prevalence rate of 3.9 %, as estimated by the International Diabetes Federation (2009) for Nigeria. For the illiterate respondents, the questionnaire was transcribed from English to the Igala language and back to English by experts in spoken and written Igala. This finding is in line with the study by Bautista-Martinez et al. Table 4. Chinenye et al. The Health Belief Model and Sexuality Education 4. This site uses cookies. H‰tWKrä6Ýû]Y9Uc–Hñ§eRYd“/ ‘ØcYRµÔž8Çȉ~ ’j½è àSuy힞—öå×׿Ÿ‘— The study adopted 16 questionnaire items, as developed by Given et al. (2012) and Chinyere, Nandy, and Nwankwo (2010) claimed that most Nigerians with diabetes have suboptimal glycemic control, are hypertensive, have chronic complications of diabetes mellitus, and do not practice self-monitoring of blood glucose. This particular model of diabetes education involves four different components. These concepts were added to help the HBM fit better the challenges of changing habitual unhealthy behaviors, such as being sedentary, smoking, or overeating. Perceived seriousness has been shown to have a mediocre effect (Jahanlou et al., 2008). The result which linked high level of diabetes knowledge with poor management status supports a similar study that found good level of diabetes knowledge with poor adherence to recommendations (Al-Deagi, McElnay, & Scott, 1995). For example, taking regular exercise and eating regulated meals will make the patient feel better as a result of taking these actions. The Health Belief Model The Health Belief Model is a tool that is used to predict different health behaviors in a person. The result shows that statistically there is no relationship between the aggregate health belief and diabetes management. Many countries have also registered increased diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes, mostly among young children; and unfortunately, no known methods of prevention have been established for this health issue. The Health Belief Model Of People With Type 2 Diabetes 789 Words4 Pages Boskey (2014) concludes that a person’s willingness to change their health behaviors includes perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived barriers, and cues to action and self-efficacy. There could be the problem of recall from the respondents, which might make the reliability of the responses difficult to validate. The respondents were approached as they came in to see their doctors or to have a blood glucose test. male patient educated up to pdc suffering from diabetes for the last 10 years and the health promotion model. The respondents rated four items acting as barriers to diabetes management status on a 5-point scale, ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. His area of specialization is medical sociology. B., Green, S. E. (, Ayele, K., Tesfa, B., Abebe, L., Tilahun, T., Girma, E. (, Baumann, L. C., Opio, C. K., Otim, M., Olson, L., Ellison, S. (, Bautista-Martinez, S., Aguilar-Salinas, C. A., Lerman, I., Velasco, M., Castellanos, R., Zenteno, E., . Despite the tremendous success at improving the lives of those living with diabetes with technological breakthrough in biomedical sciences, the management of type 2 diabetes lies largely with those with diabetes. The value expectancy assumption of the model seems weak among the study respondents. Regarding taking care of the feet, 32% did not know how to take care of their feet. Frederick Fennell, Mercury Records, and the Eastma... An Empirical Revision of the Definition of Science Fiction: It Is All ... Social Concern, Government Regulation, and Industry Self-Regulation: A... Al-Deagi, F. A., McElnay, J. C., Scott, M. G. (, Arndt, V., Stürmer, T., Stegmaier, C., Ziegler, H., Dhom, G., Brenner, H. (, Arseneau, D. L., Mason, A. C., Wood, O. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. The association between diabetes knowledge and diabetes management supports a study that has demonstrated that increased glycemic control is associated with higher scores of diabetes knowledge (Colleran, Starr, & Burge, 2003). The respondents were selected from seven hospitals owned by governments, private individuals, and faith-based organizations that served as both out-patient and in-patient clinics. So the generalization of these findings must be with caution. The chi-square result showed that there was no significant relationship between perceived barriers and diabetes management (p > .05). þhÇinúc×ß{ÎÛdb¸äu,Rõ®kv¶S The second variable, severity, is the perception of diabetes as a serious illness, ranging from perceiving complications, such as blindness, to viewing diabetes as a life-threatening disease. In this study, diabetes knowledge was associated with management status. Please check you selected the correct society from the list and entered the user name and password you use to log in to your society website. (1996) identify other components to include behavioral skills, cognitive problem-solving abilities, and a sense of efficacy in bringing these capabilities to bear to affect disease outcome. Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. This agrees with Glasgow and Anderson’s (1999) claim that disease-specific diabetes knowledge may be a process or mediating variable that interacts with other factors to affect self-care, which may affect short- and long-term health outcomes. Objective While the prevalence of type 2 diabetes is growing, it is increasingly well recognized that treatment outcomes in primary care practice are often suboptimal. For example, most individuals are very aware that obesity often leads to the development of diabetes. If the person does not see a health care behavior as risky or threatening, there is no stimulus to act. (1998) and Murata et al. The study was conducted between August 2008 and December 2009. However, the chi-square statistics result shows no relationship between perceived susceptibility and diabetes management (p > .05). Data were collected using a structured questionnaire administered to 152 respondents living with diabetes. The fourth variable, barriers, refers to the perceived costs of adhering to the regimen. About 36% did not know what is the best method for testing blood glucose, while 9% said that it is through urine testing. Some society journals require you to create a personal profile, then activate your society account, You are adding the following journals to your email alerts, Did you struggle to get access to this article? By continuing to browse We examined these narratives within the framework of the health belief model and then engaged in emergent, thematic coding within each of the categories. Ùpª“Æ´ADÁˆþìœÉ'{ß=Ø>Xе)lF¹‡³ôÛá¢núÖ:ƒ™Hm# ¹Ä!a$Ö:¤´§Ss>£ çE“@çà÷8ÂDâM(&BD 9@l)nû‡_x80°&QKè[âÚ×@ Œ3x N}%Ú]õñô.²µ“+b|‰W^¾Ã«ß;‰…Rˬ0Æ}ÐàJ³…[ájîì4 £÷§°–2ô•†ÆPH»c^ø‚²£àLëLjéz0C¯~ޞšn. Baumann, Opio, Otim, Olson, and Ellison (2010) found that few patients did home glucose monitoring, considered activities of daily living as regular exercise, and lack healthy food choices. Login failed. Table 5. Significant relationship existed between level of diabetes knowledge and diabetes management (1, N = 152) = 8.456, p = .004. Table 2. Type 2 diabetes is a growing challenge [1] and Oman, a developing country, is experiencing an epidemic [2]. Such practices include eating a healthy diet, performing physical exercise, taking medication as prescribed, monitoring of blood glucose level, regular clinic visits, and managing stress, among other practices (American Diabetes Association, 2002). The aim of this study is to examine the extent to which treatment beliefs and health behaviors predict diabetes health outcome as measured by glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level, blood pressure, and lipid profile. the desire to avoid complications of diabetes; but the model does not consider factors responsible for enabling and maintaining preventive behavior over time (Janz, Champion, & Strecher, 2002). For example, a 59 year old woman who sunbathes every day who doesn’t believe that she is at risk of skin cancer will continue to sun bathe.

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